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Complex instruction is a pedagogical approach that enables students to learn and teachers to teach at a high intellectual level in academically, linguistically, racially, ethnically, and socially heterogeneous classrooms.


Over the past four decades, the community of teachers and researchers using complex instruction has expanded nationally and internationally. Click here to connect with our complex instruction community.



Complex instruction has been implemented and studied in primary, secondary, and post-secondary education, and in disciplines as diverse as English, Math, Science, Social Studies, and Physical Education. Explore our collection of resources, as well as links to other organizations with their own resource libraries.


Training Videos

Over the years, several videos have been created to explore the development and use of complex instruction. Click here for videos and classroom film clips that could be of use in professional development for yourself or others.


Research Library

The research which led to the development of complex instruction began in the late 1960s as part of a wider effort to support school desegregation in the United States. Since then, a multitude of research reports, theses and dissertations, book chapters, and peer-reviewed journal articles have expanded our understanding of complex instruction. Explore our ever-growing library of related research, case studies, narratives, etc.