Complex instruction is a pedagogical approach that enables students to learn and teachers to teach at a high intellectual level in academically, linguistically, racially, ethnically, and socially heterogeneous classrooms.
Complex instruction has been implemented and studied in primary, secondary, and post-secondary education, and in disciplines as diverse as English, Math, Science, Social Studies, and Physical Education. Explore our collection of resources, as well as links to other organizations with their own resource libraries.
The research which led to the development of complex instruction began in the late 1960s as part of a wider effort to support school desegregation in the United States. Since then, a multitude of research reports, theses and dissertations, book chapters, and peer-reviewed journal articles have expanded our understanding of complex instruction. Explore our ever-growing library of related research, case studies, narratives, etc.